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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 102-106

Adrenal vein sampling: Radiation dose reduction on new angiography platform


1 Department of Imaging, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Hammersmith Hospital, London, England
2 Department of Endocrinology, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Hammersmith Hospital, London, England
3 Department of Endocrine and Thyroid Surgery, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, London, England

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ali Alsafi
Department of Imaging, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Hammersmith Hospital, London
England
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/AJIR.AJIR_24_20

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Objectives: Primary aldosteronism is one of the most common causes of secondary hypertension. Distinguishing unilateral from bilateral disease is essential as those with unilateral adrenal disease will benefit from adrenalectomy. This is best achieved by adrenal vein sampling (AVS) which may be a difficult procedure with significant radiation to both patient and operator. This study aims to measure the radiation dose during AVS before and after the installation of a new angiography platform. Materials and Methods: The dose area product (DAP), air kerma, and fluoroscopy time were collected retrospectively together with demographic data for the first ten patients who underwent AVS between April and September 2018 following the installation of the Philips Azurion 7 M20 interventional platform. These results were compared with those from ten patients who underwent AVS before the installation of the new machine using the Philips Allura Xper FD20 platform. Mann–Whitney test was used to compare DAP, air kerma, and fluoroscopy time. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Successful bilateral adrenal vein catheterization was achieved in all cases in both groups. There was no significant difference in fluoroscopy time: 5.5 (3.3–10.8) min (new) versus 5.3 (4.5–8.4) min (old) (P = 0.9502). The DAP and air kerma were both significantly lower on the new machine: 11.3 (5.2–26.7) Gy.cm2 versus 45.5 (17.2–56.5) Gy.cm2 (P = 0.0089) and 201.5 (88.1–464.0) mGy versus 682.5 (300.5–998.5) mGy (P = 0.0115), respectively. Conclusion: The installation of the Philips Azurion 7 M20 interventional platform has allowed a significant reduction in radiation dose during AVS.


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